Flinders petrie dating system
It was this discovery that caused him to believe that history could be reconstructed by a comparison of potsherds (, south of Jerusalem.
In 1890, in a period of only six weeks, the indefatigable excavator found a series of occupations for which he was able to supply tentative dates of habitation.
He also studied British archeological sites, including Stonehenge, from 1875 to 1880.
From 1880 onward, he plunged into an active career of surveys and excavations in Egypt and Palestine interspersed with lectures in London and the publication of a prodigious output of 40 large volumes furnished with numerous plates, a series of popular books, and his autobiography.
The discoveries Petrie records in his autobiography, Seventy Years in Archaeology (1931), his youthful horror at the way in which a Roman villa was uncovered on the Isle of Wight by early excavators: ‘I protested that the earth ought to be pared away inch by inch to see all that was in it, and how it lay.’ A methodical and meticulous approach to excavation, recording, and analysis – ‘to see all that was in it’ – was to be a hallmark of Petrie’s pioneering work over 40 years in Egypt.
What he accomplished with the Naqada material is a supreme example.
The seriation method works because object styles change over time; they always have and always will.
He held the first chair of Egyptology in the United Kingdom, and excavated at many of the most important archaeological sites in Egypt,----------------------------------------Sir William Matthew Flinders Petrie, FRS (3 June 1853 – 28 July 1942), commonly known as Flinders Petrie, was an English Egyptologist and a pioneer of systematic methodology in archaeology and preservation of artefacts.
He next excavated the Temple of Tanis (1884), the city of Naucratis (1885), the town of Daphnae and its environs (1886), the sites of Hawara, Illahun, and Ghurab in the Faiyûm, Egypt (1888-1890), and the temple and pyramids of Maydum (1891).